The Paris Agreement helps us avoid an ambitious measure that would make the target well below 2 degrees unlikely. In 2018, countries will have the opportunity to review their joint efforts within the framework of the overall objectives before formally presenting their national contributions to the new agreement. This exercise is repeated every five years. The agreement is ambitious and offers all the instruments we need to combat climate change, reduce emissions and adapt to the effects of climate change. Article 21, paragraph 1, of the Paris Agreement enters into force thirty days after at least 55 countries representing 55% of global greenhouse gas emissions filed their instruments for ratification, acceptance or approval with the Secretary-General of the United Nations. A timetable including greenhouse gas emissions to determine the threshold may be unfccc.int/files/paris_agreement/application/pdf/10e.pdf The agreement recognizes the role of non-partisan stakeholders in the fight against climate change, including cities, other sub-national authorities, civil society, the private sector and others. A strong climate agreement, supported by measures on the ground, will help us achieve the Sustainable Development Goals to end poverty, build stronger economies and create safer, healthier and more livable societies everywhere. There are 12 of the 17 Sustainable Development Goals that directly involve taking action to combat climate change, in addition to the fact that climate change has its own goal. Countries have every reason to respect the terms of the agreement.
It is in their interest to implement the agreement, not only to realize the benefits of combating climate change, but also to show global solidarity. The agreement consists of a basic agreement that will govern the international process, which will bind the parties, while there are elements that are not part of the legally binding agreement. These parts, such as . B the planned contributions at the national level can be binding at the national level. The adoption of the agreement sends a message to the world that countries are taking the fight against climate change seriously. It is a remarkable triumph that the 196 parties to the Convention have reached this agreement. We have an agreement and we now have a chance to achieve our goal. We cannot say that without an agreement. The Paris Agreement will allow us to reach the target of 2 degrees Celsius or less. We did not expect to leave Paris with commitments to achieve this goal, but with a process that will lead us to it. And that is what the agreement provides.
To this end, the Paris Agreement requires not only the accession of as many countries as possible, but also an ambitious commitment from major greenhouse gas emitters such as China, the United States of America, Russia, India, Japan and Germany, which account for more than 55% of total emissions. Q: What are the main aspects of the new agreement? Yes, yes. There is no doubt that the world is doing much better with this agreement. This agreement will help us build a more sustainable future. The agreement not only formalizes the process of drawing up national plans, but also contains a binding commitment to assess and review progress made under these plans. This mechanism will require countries to constantly update their commitments and ensure that there is no regression. Q: What does the agreement require of countries? The Paris Agreement is an ambitious, dynamic and universal agreement. It covers all countries and emissions and is designed for total time. This is a monumental agreement. It strengthens international cooperation on climate change. It offers a way forward. The agreement offers a way forward to limit the temperature increase to a level well below 2 degrees, perhaps even 1.5 degrees.
The agreement provides a mechanism to raise the level of ambitions. The EU and its member states are among the nearly 190 parties to the Paris Agreement.