THE SRA began to doubt its new long-term strategy as it failed to negotiate a 20-year franchise for the East Coast due to uncertainty over Railtack`s ability to finance planned upgrades and abandoned bidder negotiations in July 2001 after 21 months.  Instead, it opted for a brief two-year extension, hoping that the situation would be clearer by then. Short-term extensions should also be considered for further 7-year renegotiations in The Franchise facing similar problems that had not yet reached a final agreement.   The government initially suspended rail franchises in order to maintain operations due to the decline in passenger demand due to the COVID 19 pandemic, but on September 21, 2020, the rail franchising policy was abandoned in the sun. Emergency agreements (which effectively convert franchises into concessions) will be maintained until they pass legislation to replace the system, which is likely to be a permanent concession system, as is already the case in some urban areas.   Prior to the formal tendering of a given franchise, the DfT publishes a advance information communication (PIN code) in which the basic details are presented and launches a consultation with the relevant transport authorities, the decentralised administrations and the Focus Watchdog transport. At the end of this process, a formal tender (ITT) will be sent to the three to five potential bidders who have been qualified as pre-qualified, specifying the specific terms of the proposed franchise agreement. ITT may contain a number of variants reviewed by the potential bidder, who can also submit variants himself. The franchise is awarded to the offer considered to be the most profitable and offers the best value for money and the best reliability.
If so, the performance of the bidders is also taken into account.  On March 30, 2020, it was learned that the Southeastern and Great Western Railway, whose contracts were due to expire the following day, had received new two- or three-year contracts.  In the United Kingdom, Southeastern and GTR (Govia Thameslink Railway) operate, through go-Aheads, a 65% subsidiary of Govia, 35% owned by Keolis. It is the largest rail operation in the UK and is responsible for around 30% of all passenger train journeys in the UK through its rail companies. The purchase of GB Railways by FirstGroup in 2003 was seen by some as a first attempt to circumvent the franchising system: GB was the owner of the Anglia Railways franchise, which was then the subject of a new tender. Initially, the shortlist had already been rejected by three bidders, including the incumbent. In response to media criticism that he had been “outman” by First, the head of the SRA argued that he could not choose who would become a preferred bidder based on what might happen in the future in the event of mergers and acquisitions.  The purchase passed, but GB failed to win the Anglia franchise, as well as two others for which it offered (Northern and Wales – Borders). In response to persistent criticism, changes continued in the way franchises were agreed and monitored; Until 2010, the agreements contained penalties for unreliability and the number of CCPs was reduced.  On 20 September, the first emergency agreements expired and, in most cases, were replaced by emergency agreements (ErMAs) lasting between six and eighteen months. As part of these appropriations, the Department of Transportation continues to collect revenues and bear the bulk of the costs of railways.  There are a few exceptions to the standard model: The Department of Finance had originally anticipated that deductibles should be about three years to foster sustainable competition, but when it became clear that potential buyers were not interested in such short maturities, it was announced in 1995 that deductibles would be about 5 to 7 years or more if significant investments were required.
 The first franchise agreements signed on December 19 and 20, 1995 were